Monday, May 25, 2015

Remembering On Memorial Day



A picture of the war Memorial at Mapleview Cemetery and the white marble crosses that honor our fallen hero's.  

Each year the American Legion Post 111 place an American flag by each cross, and have red, white and blue flowers placed in the urns around the memorial.  It is a very impressive sight to see with the breeze blowing the flags. 

There were ten local men killed or died related to the war in WWI, Forty-eight  in WWII, four in the Korean War, Six in the Vietnam War, and one in the Cold War.

Each Memorial Day and Veterans day, Daryl Tabor, editor, of The Crittenden Press, has a full page Honoring Our County's Hero's.  Pictures for most are included on the memorial page.  

 Several pictures of local men have not be found yet.  They include for WWI:  Pvt. Luther H. Horning, Pvt. John E. Samuel, Pvt.William Curry, Pvt. Harry W. Threlkeld, CPL James Cecil Turner, and Sgt. Maj. Freda E. Baker.
For World War II: PFC Forest E. Brantley, Army, Sgt. Herbert A. Hoover, PFC James B. Truitt, Sgt. Denver L. Marvel, Army National Guard, Sgt. Jack L. Woody, Army Air Force, PFC John Dancy Hodge, PFC Herman Carter Shewcraft and PFC James C. Yandell.  

Korean War: Sgt. Junior Raymond McDowelll and Sgt. James Rodger Bissell

It is amazing that we have been able to find as many pictures and history that we have, it would be wonderful to complete the memorial with pictures of the above named.  If anyone can share a picture and/or history of any of these men it would be greatly appreciated.  You may submit to The Crittenden Press at 270-965-3191 or email thepress@thepress.com  or contact me at bunderdown@apex.net.
Thank you.

Monday, May 18, 2015

Duplicate Names for Marion and Crittenden County


An interesting article from the July 12, 1957 Crittenden Press.

An anonymous reader in Paducah this week sent in a clipping of a cartoon feature to the Crittenden Press that bears on Marion and Crittenden County.

It seems that the county in Arkansas across the river from Memphis is named Crittenden County. 

The counties were named for brothers, the one in Arkansas after Robert Crittenden and our home county for brother, John J. Crittenden.

On top of that, the county seat of the Arkansas county is named Marion as well as the one in Kentucky.  Marion, Kentucky., of course, was named after the Revolutionary War General Francis Marion, known as the Swamp Fox.  But it didn't say who Marion, Arkansas was named for.

Incidentally, these are the only two Crittenden Counties in the United States.

Monday, May 11, 2015

Indian Relics At Tolu


An interesting article from the files of The Crittenden Press, dated June 21, 1957.

Residents of Tolu in Crittenden County were reminded again last week that their village had been the site of a settlement long before a white man built a house there.

The reminder came as bulldozers leveling the site for a new school building near the old one turned up hundreds of Indian artifacts, mostly broken shards of Pottery but including arrowheads and other flint implements and bones, both human and animal.

The "Tolu Site" has long been known as a treasure-trove for relics of the Stone Age culture that preceded European man in the area.  Arrowheads and other items turn up frequently when neighborhood fields are plowed.

The site was thoroughly excavated and studied in the summer of 1930 by W. S. Webb and W. D. Funkhouser of the University of Kentucky and a liberally illustrated report of the study was published by the University in March, 1931.

The team of archaeologists cut into the hillside now largely owned by the school board and discovered that it had been the site of a large Indian lodge house.  Post-holes found on two different levels indicated that the mound had been used for this purpose two different times.

Mingled all through the top nine feet or so of the soil on the mound are quantities of mussel shells brought up from the river, arrowheads, bones and above all, broken pottery.  A look at the site Wednesday afternoon uncovered no arrowheads, and presumably the area has been picked clean of these already by the pieces of pottery still abound.

Among the most numerous types of fragments is that called "Textile marked pottery" in the Funkhouser and Webb study.  These shards bear impressions of coarse textiles pressed around the pottery before it was dried.

Other types of pottery found at Tolu include very hard black and red pieces used for other purposes by the Indians.

The school site is on a hill described by the scientists as the "ceremonial mound."  Another hill nearby was also investigated in 1930 at which time 22 graves were uncovered.  Another skeleton was found in the ceremonial mound.

Several of the skeletons uncovered by Dr. Funkhouser's party were taken to the University of Kentucky museums. The State of Kentucky is rich in Archaeological material, and has furnished many of the most valued specimens now on display in the great European museums, as well as those in the United States. 

It is a sad tragedy that practically all this valuable material has been taken from Kentucky, and that having given generously to the world, there are no great museum collections within her border.

Tuesday, May 5, 2015

A Trip To Pine Knob

Crittenden County has a beautiful country side.  Through the years people have shared their outings and hikes with the readers of the Press.  It is fun to find an old article and then locate the area where the event took place.  In March 1911, one of these folks shared their trip to Pine Knob.

Pine Knob Bluff is located in eastern Crittenden County on the Blackburn Church Road.  The Knob is best viewed from across the road at a distance so you can see the full beauty of it.


Here is the little article.  On last Saturday we decided to take a trip to the old noted "Pine Knob."  Perhaps this is one of the highest points in east Crittenden and from this high summit we could take a view of the surrounding country.

We left our "shack" at 9 a.m., and after several miles of travel across the level stretches of a smiling country, dotted here and there, with red roofs of houses and barns.  

Then in the forests, among the trees were the early bird, the blue and the jay, were singing their sweet melody all indicating life and activity.

 Now we have reached the margin of the foot hills of Pine Knob and we commenced their ascent.  Up we went, over logs, rocks, rush and boulders of every kind and description, and last climbing step by step we reached hanging rock the top most crest.

 This area of Crittenden County and on to Shady Grove is known for the the beauty of it's rugged rocky landscape.  Also known as Piney Bluffs.

Tuesday, April 28, 2015

Meet Drs. John O. Dixon and Isacc H. Clement



Dr. John O. Dixon on the left and Dr. Isaac H. Clement of the right.  Two caring doctors who were loved by the people of Crittenden County in the first half of the 20th Century.

Dr. J. O. Dixon was born in Dixon, Ky. on January 26, 1861.  On June 20, 1889 he married Miss May Croft of Tolu.  They had two children, Galen and Mira.  

After marriage he moved to Tolu where he continued the practice of his profession that he had entered since he was 20 years old. 

Dr. Dixon had a beautiful farm near Tolu, which he named "Hurricane Valley."  On this farm he had all kinds of stock of the finest breeds, Hereford cattle, Pollen-China hogs and different breeds of horses.  He was also a good farmer and kept his farm in a good condition for growing any kind of grain, timothy, red top clover, peas and millet, and had a fine lot of hay for his stock in the winter.  

People that knew Dr. Dixon said he was one of the great benefactors to Crittenden Count in the introducing of blooded stock into the county creating a desire upon the his neighbors to the the same.

When their children were older Dr. Dixon moved to the town of Marion so they could have the advantages of the city schools and their more advanced stages of learning.  

Dr. Dixon died on March 16, 1910 and is buried in the Mapleview Cemetery with other members of his family.

                            *******************
Dr. Isaac H. Clement was born in 1862, the son of Isaac Newton and Maggie Anglan Clement, members of one of the pioneer Crittenden County families.

Dr. Clement was born and raised in Crittenden County.  His entire lifetime was spent here with the exception of several years absence while attending the University of Tennessee from which Institution he obtained his degree.  

On September 9, 1885 he married Addie J. Nunn. They had two daughters, Willie and Evelyn and two sons, Earl and Douglas.

After entering practice he was located for a number of years at Repton, later opening offices in Tolu before coming to Marion.  Here he met Dr. Dixon and after mowing to Marion, he and Dr. Dixon had a practice together. 

 He was well-known and respected and considered a capable physician by all who knew him.  

Dr. Clement died June 18, 1940 and is buried in Mapleview cemetery with his wife, Addie.  

Tuesday, April 21, 2015

The Forgotten Community of View and White Hall

***
View - How the name View and White Hall school came to be. 

 One of the views that Mrs. Cardin may have seen from her home

Mr. Alfred H .Cardin was born in Virginia and came to Western Kentucky in 1845. He and his family settled on a large farm close to the center area of the county, seven miles from Marion. Here Mr. Cardin built a handsome two-story residence for his family. At the time, their farm was on the main road leading out of Marion. (The Trail of Tears road).

His wife Mary, thought the area was beautiful and their pleasant county home was a popular resort for their many friends. She loved the view of the fields and forests she could see from their comfortable home.

A school was soon needed for the area. Mr. Cardin, Senator Clement, A. B. Hodge and others gave donations to help build a school near the road and not far from their home. It would also be used for church gathering for the local neighbors since Marion was seven miles away. Mrs. Cardin took much interest in the local surroundings and she suggested the newly built structure be painted white and called White Hall. It was indeed a very pretty building when it was finished.

 The school in this picture was the original White Hall School.  It burnt in later years.

The area also began to need a post office, it would be located just below the school location at the cross-roads, (View Rd. and Frances Rd. today) being newly established it needed a name, and once again Mrs. Cardin suggested the name of View, it was appropriate for her feelings for her home site.


There is nothing left of Mrs. Cardin's pretty White Hall School house, and no visible signs of the little community of View, where the post office was located that she named. Just another forgotten passage of time, if not for the road sign that tells you as you drive along the road, that you are on View Road. It is still a beautiful location even today.
***

Some years ago as you drove around our beautiful country side, if you saw an old road that you might want to explore you were able to walk the road, and look for wild flowers or even an old cemetery or homeplace.  Today our county is not so sociable.  I think mostly due to hunting rights on most all the land.  
This is what greets you most anywhere you go.  No more fun exploring times.

Monday, April 13, 2015

Civil War History Markers


 The Crittenden County Genealogy Society met Sat. April 11th.  The program was on the history of the Civil War in Crittenden County.  After the program we made a field trip to see these two historic sites and the markers that are there.  Some of the program included the following:

Several years ago in 1998, a project in the county was being researched that would be titled the "Illinois-Kentucky, Ohio River Civil War Heritage Trail.

Crittenden County played no commanding role in the Civil War but rather suffered to be overrun by both sides.

All known military actions were confined to the northeastern corner of the county, and represented a spilling over of the military activities in Union County.

Guerrilla activity was sustained within the county and the largest military action in Crittenden County was located in the area of Weston and Bells Mines.   

The largest military action took place at Weston on June 21, 1864.  The steamboat Mercury, carrying the entire 7th Ohio Infantry was fired on by Confederates as it passed the north end of town, the attackers firing from behind a bluff and buildings near it.  There were casualties on both sides.  The boat's captain refused to land and allow the infantry to burn the town, citing orders to not land on the Kentucky shore.
     The Historical Marker that is at the foot of the bluff telling about the skirmish.

The second documented military action was at Bells Mines just weeks after the Weston incident.  Lt. Thomas W. Metcalfe with 436 men of Company C, 56th Kentucky Mounted Infantry from Cloverport, Ky., were attached at Bells Mines by a reported 300 "guerrillas" and the force was reported captured by the an article in the Evansville Daily Journal of July 19, 1864.

The group gathered around the Historical Marker at Bells Mines for a photo.
Left to right: Rita Travis, behind her, Don Foster, Margaret Parish, Steve Eskew, Fay Carol Crider and Darlene Eskew.

Also while at Bells Mines we toured the old historical cemetery and visited some of the grave stones.

The group at the marker telling about the old Bells Mines Church.
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Rita Travis, Jean Owen and Fay Carol Crider in front.
Don Foster, Margaret Parish, Darlene Eskew and Steve Eskew in back.